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A phylogenetic hypothesis for the phylum Nematoda based on an SSU-sequence dataset


Figure 2A: A dendrogram summarizing the results of Blaxter et al's MP and NJ analyses. For each branchpoint, the maximal percentage bootstrap support in NJ analyses is given. They defined five major clades in the Nematoda (from bottom, I–V).

Publication:
A molecular evolutionary framework for the phylum Nematoda.
Mark L. Blaxter, Paul De Ley, James R. Garey, Leo X. Liu, Patsy Scheldeman, Andy Vierstraete, Jacques R. Vanfleteren, Laura Y. Mackey, Mark Dorris, Linda M. Frisse, J. T. Vida & W. Kelley Thomas
Nature 392, 71-75 (5 March 1998) | doi:10.1038/32160;




A Bayesian tree of the phylum Nematoda


Figure 1: Bayesian tree of the phylum Nematoda. Alternating yellow and green backgrounds define the subdivision of the phylum Nematoda into 12 clades. Within each clade, nematode families have separate colors. Support values are indicated at the deep nodes: the first number (black) is the Bayesian PP and the second number (orange) is the MP bootstrap value. “-” indicates that the node was part of a polytomy in MP. Other nodes down to the family level are marked with a black asterisk if the support from the BI tree is significant (PP ≥ 95) and an orange asterisk if the support from the MP tree is significant (bootstrap ≥ 65). Underlined family names are paraphyletic, family names marked with an asterisk are polyphyletic, and family names in italics are embedded in another family. The black and white bars indicate (sub- and infra-) orders as defined by De Ley and Blaxter (2002, 2004). Plant parasitic and fungivorous taxa are indicated by a pictogram and a purple (fungivores) or green (plant parasites) arrow or bar. The insert shows the most distal part of the tree in more detail.

Publication:
Phylum-wide analysis of SSU rDNA reveals deep phylogenetic relationships among nematodes and accelerated evolution toward crown Clades.
Holterman M, van der Wurff A, van den Elsen S, van Megen H, Bongers T, Holovachov O, Bakker J, Helder J.
Mol Biol Evol. 2006 Sep;23(9):1792-800. Epub 2006 Jun 21.




Hosted Species (last updated Sept. 22 2014)
Species Host type
Caenorhabditis angaria Free-living
Caenorhabditis brenneri Free-living
Caenorhabditis briggsae Free-living
Caenorhabditis elegans Free-living
Caenorhabditis japonica Free-living
Caenorhabditis remanei Free-living
Caenorhabditis sp11 Free-living
Caenorhabditis sp5 Free-living
Pristionchus pacificus Free-living
Zeldia punctata Free-living

Ancylostoma ceylanicum Human Parasitic Nematodes
Ancylostoma duodenale Human Parasitic Nematodes
Angiostrongylus cantonensis Human Parasitic Nematodes
Angiostrongylus costaricensis Human Parasitic Nematodes
Ascaris lumbricoides Human Parasitic Nematodes
Brugia malayi Human Parasitic Nematodes
Dracunculus medinensis Human Parasitic Nematodes
Enterobius vermicularis Human Parasitic Nematodes
Loa loa Human Parasitic Nematodes
Necator americanus Human Parasitic Nematodes
Onchocerca volvulus Human Parasitic Nematodes
Strongyloides stercoralis Human Parasitic Nematodes
Thelazia callipaeda Human Parasitic Nematodes
Trichinella spiralis Human Parasitic Nematodes
Trichuris trichiura Human Parasitic Nematodes
Wuchereria bancrofti Human Parasitic Nematodes

Acanthocheilonema viteae Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Ancylostoma caninum Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Anisakis simplex Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Ascaris suum Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Brugia pahangi Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Cooperia oncophora Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Cylicostephanus goldi Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Dictyocaulus viviparus Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Dirofilaria immitis Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Elaeophora elaphi Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Gongylonema pulchrum Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Haemonchus contortus Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Haemonchus placei Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Heligmosomoides polygyrus bakeri Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Litomosoides sigmodontis Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Nematodirus battus Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Nippostrongylus brasiliensis Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Oesophagostomum dentatum Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Onchocerca ochengi Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Onchocerca flexuosa Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Ostertagia ostertagi Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Parascaris equorum Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Parastrongyloides trichosuri Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Rhabditophanes sp Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Soboliphyme baturini Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Strongyloides papillosus Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Strongyloides ratti Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Strongyloides venezuelensis Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Strongylus vulgaris Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Syphacia muris Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Teladorsagia circumcincta Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Toxocara canis Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Trichostrongylus colubriformis Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Trichuris muris Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Trichusis suis Animal Parasitic Nematodes
Trichuris vulpis Animal Parasitic Nematodes

Aphelenchoides besseyi Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Ditylenchus africanus Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Globodera pallida Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Globodera rostochiensis Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Heterodera glycines Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Heterodera schachtii Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Meloidogyne arenaria Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Meloidogyne artellia Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Meloidogyne chitwoodi Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Meloidogyne exigua Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Meloidogyne hapla Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Meloidogyne incognita Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Meloidogyne javanica Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Meloidogyne paranaensis Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Nacobbus aberrans Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Pratylenchus penetrans Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Pratylenchus vulnus Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Rodopholus similis Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Xiphinema index Plant Parasitic Nematodes

Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Entomopathogenic Nematodes
Steinernema carpocapsae Entomopathogenic Nematodes

 
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